Alopecia is the medical term for hair loss - a problem that will affect most men and up to 50% of women within their lifetime.
No matter your genetics, race or gender, you’ll likely experience some form of alopecia at some stage in your life, whether it be permanent or temporary.
The causes of hair loss or Alopecia vary, but at its core, all hair loss results from external stressors that disrupt the hair growth cycle causing hair to rest and fall out.
The common types of Alopecia
There are many different types of Alopecia, the most common types of Alopecia include:
Androgenetic alopecia - or pattern hair loss that results in the gradual loss of hair on the head occurring over many years or months. Examples of this include male pattern baldness or in females, the widening of hair part or hair receding at the temples over time;
Telogen effluvium - hair loss where large numbers of hair follicles prematurely enter the telogen or resting phase of the hair cycle and then fall out. This type of hair loss is often seen after illness, e.g. COVID19, stress, or after childbirth (postpartum hair loss);
Alopecia areata - hair loss that results in local patches of hair loss on the scalp, sometimes associated with inflammation. This type of alopecia results from an autoimmune problem where the body attacks the hair follicles. This can progress to total scalp hair loss or alopecia totalis, or complete body hair loss or alopecia universalis;
Traction alopecia - hair loss that results from extended hair styling in a very tight ponytail, long braided hair, cornrows, dreadlocks, or hair extensions;
Scarring alopecia - as the name suggests, scarring alopecia (with various types known as e.g. known as cicatricial alopecia or fibrosing alopecia) involves inflammation and scarring, caused by underlying inflammation or infection of the scalp. The inflammation and damage results in destruction of the hair follicles and replacement with scar tissue. The areas of hair loss in individuals with a scarring alopecia may be itchy, painful and red. Pus or pimple-like sores may be present.
If you are experiencing any sort of hair loss, there are a few things you can do:
- Manage your stress
- Pay attention to your diet
- Explore your genetic likelihood for hair loss
- Reduce inflammation in the body
If your hair loss is severe or is accompanied by itching, tingling, inflammation or other noticeable scalp changes, we also recommend seeking advice from your physician.
While losing your hair can be stressful, it’s important to remember that it’s also fairly common in both men and women. And it can affect you at any age.
For most Alopecia conditions, seeking advice from your physician first will ensure you can find an effective treatment that suits you.
How we can help
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